How Do Dental Implants Work? | Periodontal Associates

How Do Dental Implants Work?

A smile is a powerful tool that can light up a room and leave a lasting impression on those around us. However, missing teeth can cause insecurity and hinder the ability to express oneself confidently. Dental implants have become a popular and effective solution for those seeking to restore their smiles. But what exactly are dental implants and how do they work? In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the science behind dental implants, from the initial consultation to the final restoration. We will uncover the benefits of dental implants, including improved speech, better oral health, and increased self-esteem. So, whether you are considering dental implants for yourself or simply curious about the process, join us as we delve into the world of dental implantology.

What are dental implants made of?

Dental implants consist of three main components: the implant itself, the abutment, and the crown. The implant is a small, screw-shaped post made of biocompatible materials that are safe for the human body, such as titanium or zirconia.

The implant is placed directly into the jawbone, where it fuses with the surrounding bone tissue in a process known as osseointegration. The abutment is a connector piece that attaches to the implant and protrudes above the gumline, providing a stable base for the crown. Finally, the crown is the visible part of the implant that resembles a natural tooth and is custom-made to match the surrounding teeth in size, shape, and color.

Benefits of dental implants over other tooth replacement options

Dental implants offer several advantages over other tooth replacement options, such as dentures or bridges. Unlike dentures, dental implants are securely anchored to the jawbone, which prevents them from slipping or shifting in the mouth. This makes it easier to speak and eat with confidence without worrying about embarrassing mishaps.

Dental implants also help maintain the natural shape of the face by preventing the jawbone from deteriorating/ resorbing, which can occur when teeth are missing for a prolonged period. This can help prevent sagging and premature aging of the face. Additionally, dental implants do not require any special care or maintenance beyond regular brushing and flossing, unlike dentures or bridges, which can require special cleaning solutions or adhesives.

The science behind dental implants - osseointegration

The key to the success of dental implants lies in a process known as osseointegration. Osseointegration refers to the biological process of bone tissue integrating with the surface of the implant, creating a strong and stable anchor for the implant to support the replacement tooth.

In order for osseointegration to occur, the implant must be made of biocompatible materials, such as titanium or zirconia, that are not rejected by the body's immune system. The implant is surgically placed into the jawbone, where it is left to heal for several months while osseointegration takes place. During this time, the bone tissue grows and attaches itself to the surface of the implant, creating a secure and stable foundation for the replacement tooth.

The dental implant procedure - step by step

The dental implant procedure typically involves several steps, beginning with an initial consultation with a dental professional. During the consultation, the dentist will examine the patient's teeth and gums, take x-rays or 3D scans of the mouth, and discuss the patient's medical history and any medications they may be taking. Once the patient is deemed a suitable candidate for dental implants, the actual procedure can begin.

The first step involves placing the implant into the jawbone. The jawbone needs to be in a condition of health and with sufficient shape and form to house the implant. If necessary bone grafting would need to be performed to create a stable foundation for placing the implant.  This is done under local anesthesia to ensure that the patient is comfortable and pain-free throughout the procedure. The implant is then left to heal for several months while osseointegration takes place. Once the implant is fused with the surrounding bone tissue, the abutment is attached to the implant, to create a base for the crown. Finally, the crown is attached to the abutment, completing the restoration process.

Aftercare and maintenance for dental implants

Taking care of dental implants is relatively straightforward and requires similar care to natural teeth. Regular brushing and flossing are essential for maintaining good oral hygiene and preventing plaque buildup around the implant.

It is also important to avoid chewing on hard or crunchy foods, as this can damage the crown or abutment. Regular dental checkups and cleanings are also important for ensuring the health and longevity of the implant, as the dentist can monitor for any signs of infection or other complications.

Common misconceptions about dental implants

There are several common misconceptions about dental implants that can prevent people from considering them as a viable tooth replacement option. One of the most common misconceptions is that dental implants are painful or uncomfortable. In reality, the implant procedure is typically done under local anesthesia and is relatively painless.

Additionally, once the implant has fused with the bone tissue, it feels and functions just like a natural tooth. Another common misconception is that dental implants are prohibitively expensive. While dental implants can be more expensive than other tooth replacement options, their longevity and durability make them a worthwhile investment in the long run.

Dental Implants in Newton & Framingham, MA

Dental implants are a safe, effective, and long-lasting solution for those seeking to restore their smiles and improve their oral health. By understanding the science behind dental implants and the benefits they offer, patients can make informed decisions about their dental care and feel confident in their choice.

If you are considering dental implants, contact us at one of our offices so that we can help guide you through the process and answer any questions you may have. With proper care and maintenance, dental implants can provide a lifetime of smiles and confidence.